El Salvador Departments and Municipalities. Get to know them.

By Eddie.
Wednesday, April 15th, 2020
El Salvador Departments

El Salvador Departments. To better manage and govern the densely populated country, El Salvador is divided into 14 departments and 262 municipalities.

The country’s departments or states do not have a central government or governor, so the governing is left to each municipality. The municipalities are administrated by a mayor and general council, which are openly elected every three years.

El Salvador Departments

The mayor and general council of each municipality are in charge of running it. They can create local mandates and create local tariffs to pay for festivities. All in all, El Salvador municipalities, are the first lie of governmental contact that the local population has.

The following will list each department in El Salvador with their respective municipalities and the mayor who runs it.

Ahuachapan.

The department of Ahuachapan is the westernmost of the 14 departments in El Salvador; it borders with Guatemala to the north of the department.

The department of Ahuachapan is known for its coffee production, astounding climate, colorful small towns, and much more.

The towns of Ahuachapan, Apaneca, and Tacuba are some of the most visited by local and foreign tourists in the country.

The following are the 12 municipalities in the department of Ahuachapan; each district offers different things to visitors and residents.

Municipality Mayor PP
Ahuachapan Abilio Flores Vasquez PCN
Apaneca Osmín Antonio Guzman ARENA
Atiquizaya Ana Luisa Rodríguez de Gonzalez ARENA
Concepcion de Ataco Oscar Oliverio Gomez ARENA
El Refugio Wilfredo Barrientos Posada PCN
Guaymango Domingo Mendoza Castaneda FMLN
Jujutla Víctor Manuel Martínez ARENA
San Francisco Menendez Adin Alberto Zetino PCN/PDC
San Lorenzo Alvaro Humberto Castillo FPS
San Pedro Puxtla Jose Marbin Zaldaña ARENA
Tacuba Luis Carlos Milla PCN
Turin Hilda Maria Velasquez de Quezada PCN

Sonsonate.

The department of Sonsonate is located in the western part of the country; the capital city of the state is Sonsonate.

The department was and continues to be the heart of the Pipil culture in the country. This department and its municipalities are home to several ancient traditions that locals continue to appreciate and teach to the new generations.

The department is well-known for the production of coffee, sugar cane, coconut, fruits, balsam trees, palm, tulle, and orchard plants.

Municipality Mayor PP
Sonsonate Jose Roberto Aquino ARENA
Izalco Jose Alfonso Guevara ARENA
Acajutla Ricardo Alberto Zepeda ARENA
Armenia Carlos Alberto Molina ARENA
Nahuizalco Jorge Willer Patriz FMLN
Juayua Edgar Alexander Saz PCN
San Julian Jose Manuel Engelhard FMLN
Sonzacate Hector Antonio Orellana FMLN
San Antonio Del Monte Rogelio Alfonso Cienfuegos GANA
Nahuilingo Miguel Angel Mejía ARENA
Cuisnahuat Gustavo Ernesto Sierra PCN
Santa Catarina Masahuat Alba Yesenia Eguizabal PDC
Caluco Nelson Uvaldo Cornejo PCN
Santa Isabel Ishuatan Flor de María Najarro ARENA
Salcoatitan Blanca Maribel Solano de Sosa FMLN
Santo Domingo De Guzman Gerardo Cuellar Sigüenza FMLN

Santa Ana.

The department of Santa Ana is located in the northwest part of the country; the capital city is Santa Ana, which is either the second or third largest in El Salvador.

The department of Santa Ana is well-known for being one of the most important to the country’s economy. Also, this department is famous for all the tourist attractions that possess; it has some of the best Maya ruins in El Salvador, it has the impressive Coatepeque Lake, the Santa Ana volcano, and many others.

Municipality Mayor PP
Santa Ana Carmen Elena Calderon Sol ARENA
Chalchuapa Vilma Josefa Turcios de Barrera ARENA
Metapan Jose Rigoberto Pinto PCN
Coatepeque Jorge Alberto Rivas ARENA
El Congo Eduardo Ernesto Lara GANA
Texistepeque Jose Dimas Aguilar PCN
Candelaria la Frontera Janet Rivera de Rivera ARENA
San Sebastian Salitrillo Hugo Edgardo Rosales ARENA
Santa Rosa Guachipilín Hugo Besael Flores ARENA
Santiago de La Frontera José Antonio Martinez ARENA
El Porvenir Jorge Sigfredo Ramos PCN
Masahuat Menando Nahum Mendoza PCN
San Antonio Pajonal Walter Oswaldo Martinez FMLN

La Libertad.

The department of La Libertad is one of the most popular and most densely populated in the country; this department is home to some of the best beaches in El Salvador.

The department is famous for many reasons that include the proximity to San Salvador, the upscale neighborhoods, the shopping malls, the many beaches, and many others.

The capital city of Santa Tecla is home to upscale neighborhoods, restaurants, hotels, universities, and much more; therefore, this is an area that most people want to live in.

The department of La Libertad has some of the best places to live in El Salvador; in addition to fantastic places to visit as a tourist.

Municipality Mayor PP
Santa Tecla Roberto D’Aubuisson ARENA
Quezaltepeque Salvador Enrique Saget ARENA
Ciudad Arce Noe Francisco Moran ARENA
San Juan Opico Carmen Abigail Giron ARENA
Colon Guillermo Gonzalez Huezo ARENA
Puerto de La Libertad Miguel Angel Jimenez ARENA
Antiguo Cuscatlan Zoila Milagro Navas ARENA
Comasagua Jose Ricardo Reyes ARENA
San Pablo Tacachico Mario Alberto Castillo ARENA
Jayaque Panfilo Santos Mancía ARENA
Huizucar Carlos Mauricio Vicente Beltran ARENA
Tepecoyo Ana Janet Gonzalez GANA
Teotepeque Alfonso Arevalo Guillen ARENA
Chiltiupan Jorge Luis Diaz ARENA
Nuevo Cuscatlan Irma Michelle Martha Ninette Sol FMLN/CD/
PSD/PSP
Tamanique Oscar Antonio Amaya FMLN
Sacacoyo Pedro Leopoldo Montoya ARENA
San Jose Villa Nueva Alexis Elías Guzman ARENA
Zaragoza Jose Antonio Martínez ARENA
Talnique Juan Antonio Fuentes ARENA
San Matias Virgilio Martínez ARENA
Jicalapa Jose Salvador Menjivar ARENA

Chalatenango.

The department of Chalatenango is located in the northwest part of El Salvador, near Honduras. Chalatenango is well-known for its mountain terrain and colder climate; here, you will find popular destinations like El Pital, La Palma, and San Ignacio.

Municipality Mayor PP
Chalatenango Jose Rigoberto Mejía ARENA
Nueva Concepcion Raul Andres Peña ARENA
La Palma Mario Adelmo Urbina FMLN
Tejutla Miguel Angel Tejada GANA
La Reina Fernando Alfredo Ochoa ARENA/PCN
Arcatao Jose Alberto Avelar FMLN
San Ignacio Alfredo Reyes Gutierrez FMLN
Dulce Nombre de Maria Elizandro Leon Rivera PCN
Citala José Lorenzo Valdivieso ARENA
Agua Caliente Edwin Edmundo Cisneros PCN
Concepcion Quezaltepeque Miguel Angel Funes ARENA
Nueva Trinidad Teofilo Cordova FMLN
Las Vueltas Juan Carlos Nuñez FMLN
Comalapa Moises Antonio Marin ARENA
San Rafael Roberto Alirio Guardado ARENA
San Jose Las Flores Buenaventura Tobar FMLN
Ojos de Agua Franklin Antonio Marquez GANA
Nombre de Jesus Gilberto Carlos Ortega FMLN
Potonico Jacinto Eleuterio Tobar ARENA
San Francisco Morazan Marvin Alexander Cardoza FMLN
Santa Rita Ismael Romero Gutierrez ARENA
La Laguna Nelson Ulises Santos ARENA
San Isidro Labrador Oscar Yovany Alas Lopez FMLN
San Antonio de La Cruz Moris Rafael Amaya ARENA
El Paraiso Tony Manzur Castillo GANA
San Miguel de Mercedes Milton Guadalupe Serrano PCN
San Luis del Carmen Angelica María Pineda FMLN
San Jose Cancasque Velis Ismael Peña FMLN
San Antonio Los Ranchos Saul Marin Abrego GANA
El Carrizal Tulio Ernesto Casco FMLN
San Fernando Carlos Josue Alvarez FMLN/GANA
Azacualpa Pablo Antonio Martinez FMLN
San Francisco Lempa Josue Benjamin Ardon FMLN

San Salvador.

The department of San Salvador and its municipalities is where the majority of Salvadoran’s live. In this department, you will find the nation’s capital San Salvador, which is the most populated municipality in the country.

The department of San Salvador and its municipalities are the most densely populated in the country. Furthermore, in this department, you will find most of the principal government buildings, in addition to the top universities, hospitals, and office buildings.

The municipality of San Salvador is the central hub for everything related to medical, health, government, and business.

The municipalities in this department are home to popular attractions such as Ilopango lake, the San Salvador Historic district, El Boqueron National Park, Los Planes de Renderos, museums, and much more.

Municipality Mayor PP
San Salvador Ernesto Muyshondt FMLN
Ciudad Delgado Elmer Ulises Cardoza ARENA
Mejicanos Jose Simon Paz FMLN
Soyapango Juan Pablo Alvarez ARENA
Cuscatancingo Heyci Maricela Flores ARENA
San Marcos Fidel Ernesto Fuentes FMLN
Ilopango Adan de Jesus Perdomo ARENA
Nejapa Adolfo Rivas Barrios FMLN
Apopa Jose Santiago Zelaya ARENA
San Martin Victor Manuel Rivera ARENA
Panchimalco Mario Melendez Portillo FMLN
Aguilares Juan Armando Guardado GANA
Tonacatepeque Roberto Edgardo Herrera ARENA
Santo Tomas Efrain Alfonso Cañas ARENA
Santiago Texacuangos Alberto Estupinian Ramirez ARENA
El Paisnal Jose Hector Lara FMLN
Guazapa Jose Armando Barrera PCN
Ayutuxtepeque Rafael Alejandro Nochez ARENA
Rosario de Mora Galileo Arquimedes Perez FMLN

Cuscatlan.

The department of Cuscatlan, with its 16 municipalities, is the smallest in the country. It is located in the middle of the country, next to the department of San Salvador.

According to historians, the department was created in 1835, its first capital city was the colorful town of Suchitoto. However, in 1861, the capital of the department changed to Cojutepeque.

The municipalities in the department are known for producing fruits, tobacco, sugar cane, and coffee, among other items. Also, the department’s capital Cojutepeque is famous for its chorizos or sausages.

Now, on the touristic side of this department and its municipalities, you will find popular attractions such as the colorful town of Suchitoto, the man-made Lake Suchitlan, the Guazapa volcano with its links to the civil war, and many others.

Municipality Mayor PP
Cojutepeque Mercedes Lili Bello PCN
Suchitoto Pedrina Rivera Hernandez FMLN
San Pedro Perulapan Oswald Sibrían Miranda ARENA/PCN
San Jose Guayabal Mauricio Arturo Vilanova ARENA
Tenancingo Amado Lopez FMLN
San Rafael Cedros Jose Tomas Cornejo ARENA
Candelaria Josa Adalberto Perdomo PCN
El Carmen Leticia de Jesas Hernandez ARENA
Monte San Juan Mario Eduardo Abrego ARENA
San Cristobal Pedro Antonio Vasquez ARENA
Santa Cruz Michapa Moris Alberto Torres ARENA
San Bartolome Perulapia Moris Alberto Torres ARENA
San Ramon Hernan Alfredo Carpio PCN
El Rosario Odilio de Jesus Portillo ARENA
Oratorio de Concepcion Jose Baltazar Ramos PCN
Santa Cruz Analquito Cristobal Mauricio Hernandez PCN

La Paz.

The department of La Paz and its municipalities is located in the central region of the country; the capital city of the department is Zacatecoluca.

The economy of most of the municipalities is based on agriculture; it produces items such as coffee, cotton, sugar cane, Tabacco, and others.

In this department, you will find touristic spots such as La Costa del Sol, Los Blancos beach, Zunganera beach, among others. Additionally, the department shares part of Ilopango Lake and Chinchontepec volcano.

Municipality Mayor PP
Zacatecoluca Francisco Salvador Hirezi Morataya FMLN
Santiago Nonualco Marvin Morena Martell GANA
San Juan Nonualco Jose Guillermo Rodas ARENA
San Pedro Masahuat Nelson Omar Cubias ARENA
Olocuilta Marvín Ulises Rodríguez ARENA
San Pedro Nonualco Jose Alfredo Hernández ARENA
San Francisco Chinameca Jorge William García ARENA
San Juan Talpa Juan Alexander Tamacas ARENA
El Rosario Ronald Nixon Tobar GANA
San Rafael Obrajuelo Rafael Amilcar Aguilar GANA
Santa María Ostuma Elsa Antonia Guevara ARENA
San Luis Talpa Salvador Alejandro Menendez GANA
San Antonio Masahuat Nelson Adonys Ortiz FMLN
San Miguel Tepezontes Luis Alonso Lopez ARENA
San Juan Tepezontes Francisco Alirio Candray ARENA
Tapalhuaca Jose Nelson Quezada FMLN
Cuyultitan Melvin Moises Casco ARENA
Paraíso de Osorio Jose David Campos ARENA
San Emigdio Mauricio Rosales Garcia ARENA
Jerusalen Víctor Emerson Martínez ARENA
Mercedes La Ceiba Víctor Henders Martínez GANA
San Luis La Herradura Napoleon Armando Iraheta GANA

San Vicente.

If you ask Salvadoran’s about what they know about the department of San Vicente and its municipalities, most of them will respond with the San Vicente volcano, the city of San Vicente, and the city of San Sebastian.

The San Vicente volcano or Chinchontepec is one of the most majestic volcanoes in the country; the cities of San Vicente and San Sebastian are small towns with plenty of character and touristic appeal.

Also, the department of San Vicente and its municipalities played a significant role during the 1980s armed conflict; there was a military base with a helicopter landing area at the summit of the San Vicente volcano.

Municipality Mayor PP
San Vicente Medardo Hernandez Lara ARENA
Tecoluca Jose Dimas Villalta ARENA
San Sebastian Trinidad Josefina Rivas ARENA
Apastepeque Galileo Hernandez Alvarado ARENA
San Esteban Catarina Lilian Antonia Portillo FMLN
San Ildefonso Carlos Alberto Soriano ARENA
Santa Clara Elba Noemy Lopez ARENA
San Lorenzo Jaime Oliverio Flores ARENA
Verapaz Jose Francisco Domínguez ARENA
Guadalupe Roberto Carlos Renderos FMLN
Santo Domingo Victoria Magdalena Hernandez GANA
San Cayetano Istepeque Raul Juventino Mejía ARENA
Nuevo Tepetitan Wilian Lorenzo Portillo FMLN

Cabañas.

The department of Cabañas is located in the north-central part of the country. It has a total of nine districts, with the principal municipality being Sensuntepeque.

The department and its municipalities are classified as one of the poorest in the country. Over 55% of the population in Cabañas are classified as being impoverished.

The department is mainly involved in agricultural production; however, the city of Ilobasco is known for its pottery industry.

Municipality Mayor PP
Sensuntepeque Jesus Edgar Bonilla ARENA
Ilobasco Jose Maria Dimas Castellanos ARENA
Victoria Juan Antonio Ramos ARENA
San Isidro Jose Julio Ernesto Romero PCN
Jutiapa Adrian Castellanos Peña ARENA
Tejutepeque Luis Santiago Raful ARENA
Dolores Oscar Osmin Ruiz FMLN
Cinquera Pantaleon Carmelo Noyola FMLN
Guacotecti Jose Armando Hernandez GANA

Usulutan.

The department of Usulutan is one of the largest in the country; it is located in the eastern part of the country. The principal municipality in the department is Usulutan.

The department was created in 1865, and it has a total of 23 municipalities. The locations that get the most tourist in the department are Alegria with its lagoon and the Usulutan volcano.

Municipality Mayor PP
Usulutan Jose Mauricio Zelaya ARENA
Jiquilisco Loida Eunice Loza GANA
Berlin Jesus Antonio Cortez GANA
Santiago de Maria Roberto Edmundo Gonzalez GANA
Jucuapa Jose Manuel Turcios FMLN
Santa Elena Jose Ferrufino Melara ARENA
Jucuaran Jose Boanerge Carranza FMLN
San Agustin Carlos Alberto Gamez FMLN
Ozatlan Jose Alexander Batres ARENA
Estanzuelas Jose Efraín Guzman ARENA
Mercedes Umaña Juan Jose Romero FMLN
Alegria René Saul Sanchez FMLN
Concepcion Batres Benjamín Romeo Machuca ARENA
San Francisco Javier Enan Gualberto Mejía FMLN
Puerto El Triunfo Edgar Javier Amaya FMLN
Tecapan Jaime Elmer Teos FMLN
San Dionisio Julio Alberto Torres ARENA
Ereguayquín William Yohalmo Marquez FMLN
Santa María Yanira Beatriz Guevara ARENA
Nueva Granada Joaquín Aquilino Rendon ARENA
El Triunfo Jose Arturo Romero ARENA
San Buenaventura Marvin Jeovany Serpas FMLN
California Gustavo Antonio Aguirre FMLN

San Miguel.

The department of San Miguel is home to the municipality of San Miguel, which in turn, is home to the second or third largest town in the country, the city of San Miguel.

The principal attractions in the department and its municipalities are the El Cuco beach, the city of San Miguel, the Chaparrastique volcano, and the city of Ciudad Barrios, which is the birthplace of Saint Oscar Romero.

In addition to the principal attractions, the department is known for the San Miguel Carnival, which takes place in November in the city of San Miguel.

Municipality Mayor PP
San Miguel Miguel Àngel Pereira FMLN
Chinameca Roger Merlos ARENA
El Tránsito Roel Werner Martinez ARENA
Ciudad Barrios Heris Neftalí Romero ARENA
Chirilagua Manuel Antonio Vasquez FMLN
Sesori Rene Alexander Portillo PDC/PCN
San Rafael Oriente Jose Reynaldo Villegas FMLN
Moncagua Sergio Antonio Solorzano FMLN
Lolotique Colombo Carballo Vargas GANA
San Jorge Melvin Antonio Nativi ARENA
Chapeltique Carlos Ernesto Mendez PDC/PCN
San Gerardo Luis Rene Quinteros PDC/FMLN
Carolina Jose Armando Hernandez FMLN
Quelepa Marvin Reynaldo Bernal FMLN
San Luis de La Reina Gamaliel Portillo Requeno ARENA
Nuevo Eden de San Juan Isabel Ordoñez Vasquez FMLN
Nueva Guadalupe Ever Salvador Brizuela GANA
Uluazapa Juan Antonio Rivera PCN
Comacaran Enris Antonio Arias FMLN
San Antonio del Mosco Francisco Jose García ARENA

Morazan.

The department of Morazan is located in the eastern part of the country, near the border with Honduras.

Morazan is well-known for its mountainous terrain, pleasant weather, and eco-touristic activities. This department and its municipalities offer plenty of activities for those looking to get away from larger cities.

Another reason this department and its municipalities are well-known is because of the civil war of the 1980s. Morazan was one of the main guerilla strongholds in the country; this department was where many of the most bloody fights happened.

Also, this department is home to El Mozote, where one of the cruelest atrocities happened. According to historians, at El Mozote, the Salvadoran army massacred about 1000 locals that included women, men, and even infant children.

You can know more about the area and the civil war by visiting one of the following two web pages, Perquin Morazan, or The Peace Route in El Salvador.

Municipality Mayor PP
San Francisco Gotera Nahin Arnelge Ferrufino GANA
Jocoro Arturo Perla Ferrufino FMLN
Corinto Gilberto Antonio Sorto ARENA
Sociedad Cesar Omar Saravia ARENA
Cacaopera Jose Lorenzo Argueta ARENA
Guatajiagua Lucio Velis Canales ARENA
El Divisadero Angel Rubén Benitez ARENA
Jocoaitique Fray Adalberto Arriaza FMLN
Osicala Cedrick Alexander Vasquez PCN
Chilanga Pedro de Jesús Vásquez Martínez GANA
Meanguera Jose Bladimir Barahona PSD
Torola Gloria Argentina Barahona GANA
San Simon Noe Moisés Argueta Ramirez FMLN
Delicias de Concepcion David Enoc Villela ARENA
Joateca Jose Juan Argueta GANA
Arambala Mariano Blanco Diaz ARENA
Lolotiquillo Jose Alfredo Fuentes ARENA
Yamabal Francisco Andrés Adonay ARENA
Yoloaiquin Fidel Alcides Arriaza ARENA
San Carlos Carlos Rodolfo Álvarez ARENA
El Rosario Valentín de Jesus Claros ARENA
Perquin Imelda Maribel Rodriguez ARENA
Sensembra Oscar Elvidio Vasquez ARENA
Gualococti Carlos Antonio Díaz ARENA
San Fernando Elmer Efrain Ramos ARENA
San Isidro Jose Julio Franco ARENA

La Union.

The department of La Union is in the eastern part of the country; it is the easternmost of the Salvadoran departments, which ends at the Gulf of Fonseca.

The economy of La Union is mostly agricultural; nevertheless, it has the modern Port of La Union, that according to President Nayib Bukele, will serve as a point of economic and tourist development for the region.

Among the principal points for tourists are the beaches of El Tamarindo, Playas Negras, and Playitas. Furthermore, there is the Conchagua volcano, with its fantastic natural beauty and amazing views of the Gulf of Fonseca.

Lastly, La Union is home to the Gulf of Fonseca, a fantastic bay shared with Honduras and Nicaragua.

Municipality Mayor PP
La Union Ezequiel Milla Guerra ARENA
Santa Rosa de Lima Ronny Eduardo Lazo ARENA
Pasaquina Marvin Alexander Reyes ARENA
San Alejo Juan Antonio Reyes ARENA
Anamoros Mirna Aracely Reyes ARENA
El Carmen Daniel Antonio Callejas PDC
Conchagua Jesus Abelino Medina ARENA
El Sauce Roberto Armando Sorto ARENA
Lislique Margarito Perez ARENA
Yucuayquin Oscar Rene Mendoza FMLN
Nueva Esparta Jose Manrique Villatoro ARENA
Poloros Amerto Romero Rios ARENA
Bolivar Jorge Alberto Lazo ARENA
Concepcion de Oriente Jose Romel Garcia FMLN
Intipuca Jose Elenilson Leonzo PCN
San Jose La Fuente Mario Alfredo Cruz GANA
Yayantique Eduardo Marquez ARENA
Meanguera del Golfo Luis Antonio Dheming ARENA

El Salvador Departments and Municipalities.

Just to recap, El Salvador Departments are divided into 14 regions, and the country has a total of 262 municipalities.

If you need more information about each municipality, you can visit the Salvadoran Institute for Municipal Development or ISDEM.

Living in El Salvador