El Salvador Departments

El Salvador Departments and Municipalities. Get to know them.

 

El Salvador Departments. To better manage and govern the densely populated country, El Salvador is divided into 14 departments and 262 municipalities.

The country’s departments or states do not have a central government or governor, so the governing is left to each municipality. The municipalities are administrated by a mayor and general council, which are openly elected every three years.

El Salvador Departments

The mayor and general council of each municipality are in charge of running it. They can create local mandates and create local tariffs to pay for festivities. All in all, El Salvador municipalities, are the first lie of governmental contact that the local population has.

The following will list each department in El Salvador with their respective municipalities and the mayor who runs it.

Ahuachapan.

The department of Ahuachapan is the westernmost of the 14 departments in El Salvador; it borders with Guatemala to the north of the department.

The department of Ahuachapan is known for its coffee production, astounding climate, colorful small towns, and much more.

The towns of Ahuachapan, Apaneca, and Tacuba are some of the most visited by local and foreign tourists in the country.

The following are the 12 municipalities in the department of Ahuachapan; each district offers different things to visitors and residents.

MunicipalityMayorPP
AhuachapanAbilio Flores VasquezPCN
ApanecaOsmín Antonio GuzmanARENA
AtiquizayaAna Luisa Rodríguez de GonzalezARENA
Concepcion de AtacoOscar Oliverio GomezARENA
El RefugioWilfredo Barrientos PosadaPCN
GuaymangoDomingo Mendoza CastanedaFMLN
JujutlaVíctor Manuel MartínezARENA
San Francisco MenendezAdin Alberto ZetinoPCN/PDC
San LorenzoAlvaro Humberto CastilloFPS
San Pedro PuxtlaJose Marbin ZaldañaARENA
Tacuba Luis Carlos MillaPCN
TurinHilda Maria Velasquez de QuezadaPCN

Sonsonate.

The department of Sonsonate is located in the western part of the country; the capital city of the state is Sonsonate.

The department was and continues to be the heart of the Pipil culture in the country. This department and its municipalities are home to several ancient traditions that locals continue to appreciate and teach to the new generations.

The department is well-known for the production of coffee, sugar cane, coconut, fruits, balsam trees, palm, tulle, and orchard plants.

MunicipalityMayorPP
SonsonateJose Roberto AquinoARENA
IzalcoJose Alfonso GuevaraARENA
AcajutlaRicardo Alberto ZepedaARENA
ArmeniaCarlos Alberto MolinaARENA
NahuizalcoJorge Willer PatrizFMLN
JuayuaEdgar Alexander SazPCN
San JulianJose Manuel EngelhardFMLN
SonzacateHector Antonio OrellanaFMLN
San Antonio Del MonteRogelio Alfonso CienfuegosGANA
NahuilingoMiguel Angel MejíaARENA
CuisnahuatGustavo Ernesto SierraPCN
Santa Catarina MasahuatAlba Yesenia EguizabalPDC
CalucoNelson Uvaldo CornejoPCN
Santa Isabel IshuatanFlor de María NajarroARENA
Salcoatitan Blanca Maribel Solano de SosaFMLN
Santo Domingo De GuzmanGerardo Cuellar SigüenzaFMLN

Santa Ana.

The department of Santa Ana is located in the northwest part of the country; the capital city is Santa Ana, which is either the second or third largest in El Salvador.

The department of Santa Ana is well-known for being one of the most important to the country’s economy. Also, this department is famous for all the tourist attractions that possess; it has some of the best Maya ruins in El Salvador, it has the impressive Coatepeque Lake, the Santa Ana volcano, and many others.

MunicipalityMayorPP
Santa AnaCarmen Elena Calderon SolARENA
ChalchuapaVilma Josefa Turcios de BarreraARENA
MetapanJose Rigoberto PintoPCN
CoatepequeJorge Alberto RivasARENA
El CongoEduardo Ernesto LaraGANA
TexistepequeJose Dimas AguilarPCN
Candelaria la FronteraJanet Rivera de RiveraARENA
San Sebastian SalitrilloHugo Edgardo RosalesARENA
Santa Rosa GuachipilínHugo Besael FloresARENA
Santiago de La FronteraJosé Antonio MartinezARENA
El PorvenirJorge Sigfredo RamosPCN
Masahuat Menando Nahum MendozaPCN
San Antonio PajonalWalter Oswaldo MartinezFMLN

La Libertad.

The department of La Libertad is one of the most popular and most densely populated in the country; this department is home to some of the best beaches in El Salvador.

The department is famous for many reasons that include the proximity to San Salvador, the upscale neighborhoods, the shopping malls, the many beaches, and many others.

The capital city of Santa Tecla is home to upscale neighborhoods, restaurants, hotels, universities, and much more; therefore, this is an area that most people want to live in.

The department of La Libertad has some of the best places to live in El Salvador; in addition to fantastic places to visit as a tourist.

MunicipalityMayorPP
Santa TeclaRoberto D’AubuissonARENA
QuezaltepequeSalvador Enrique SagetARENA
Ciudad ArceNoe Francisco MoranARENA
San Juan OpicoCarmen Abigail GironARENA
ColonGuillermo Gonzalez HuezoARENA
Puerto de La LibertadMiguel Angel JimenezARENA
Antiguo CuscatlanZoila Milagro NavasARENA
ComasaguaJose Ricardo ReyesARENA
San Pablo TacachicoMario Alberto CastilloARENA
JayaquePanfilo Santos MancíaARENA
HuizucarCarlos Mauricio Vicente BeltranARENA
TepecoyoAna Janet GonzalezGANA
TeotepequeAlfonso Arevalo GuillenARENA
ChiltiupanJorge Luis DiazARENA
Nuevo CuscatlanIrma Michelle Martha Ninette SolFMLN/CD/
PSD/PSP
TamaniqueOscar Antonio AmayaFMLN
SacacoyoPedro Leopoldo MontoyaARENA
San Jose Villa NuevaAlexis Elías GuzmanARENA
ZaragozaJose Antonio MartínezARENA
TalniqueJuan Antonio FuentesARENA
San Matias Virgilio MartínezARENA
JicalapaJose Salvador MenjivarARENA

Chalatenango.

The department of Chalatenango is located in the northwest part of El Salvador, near Honduras. Chalatenango is well-known for its mountain terrain and colder climate; here, you will find popular destinations like El Pital, La Palma, and San Ignacio.

MunicipalityMayorPP
ChalatenangoJose Rigoberto MejíaARENA
Nueva ConcepcionRaul Andres PeñaARENA
La PalmaMario Adelmo UrbinaFMLN
TejutlaMiguel Angel TejadaGANA
La ReinaFernando Alfredo OchoaARENA/PCN
ArcataoJose Alberto AvelarFMLN
San IgnacioAlfredo Reyes GutierrezFMLN
Dulce Nombre de MariaElizandro Leon RiveraPCN
CitalaJosé Lorenzo ValdiviesoARENA
Agua CalienteEdwin Edmundo CisnerosPCN
Concepcion QuezaltepequeMiguel Angel FunesARENA
Nueva TrinidadTeofilo CordovaFMLN
Las VueltasJuan Carlos NuñezFMLN
ComalapaMoises Antonio MarinARENA
San RafaelRoberto Alirio GuardadoARENA
San Jose Las FloresBuenaventura TobarFMLN
Ojos de AguaFranklin Antonio MarquezGANA
Nombre de JesusGilberto Carlos OrtegaFMLN
PotonicoJacinto Eleuterio TobarARENA
San Francisco MorazanMarvin Alexander CardozaFMLN
Santa RitaIsmael Romero GutierrezARENA
La LagunaNelson Ulises SantosARENA
San Isidro LabradorOscar Yovany Alas LopezFMLN
San Antonio de La CruzMoris Rafael AmayaARENA
El ParaisoTony Manzur CastilloGANA
San Miguel de MercedesMilton Guadalupe SerranoPCN
San Luis del CarmenAngelica María PinedaFMLN
San Jose CancasqueVelis Ismael PeñaFMLN
San Antonio Los RanchosSaul Marin AbregoGANA
El CarrizalTulio Ernesto CascoFMLN
San FernandoCarlos Josue AlvarezFMLN/GANA
Azacualpa Pablo Antonio MartinezFMLN
San Francisco LempaJosue Benjamin ArdonFMLN

San Salvador.

The department of San Salvador and its municipalities is where the majority of Salvadoran’s live. In this department, you will find the nation’s capital San Salvador, which is the most populated municipality in the country.

The department of San Salvador and its municipalities are the most densely populated in the country. Furthermore, in this department, you will find most of the principal government buildings, in addition to the top universities, hospitals, and office buildings.

The municipality of San Salvador is the central hub for everything related to medical, health, government, and business.

The municipalities in this department are home to popular attractions such as Ilopango lake, the San Salvador Historic district, El Boqueron National Park, Los Planes de Renderos, museums, and much more.

MunicipalityMayorPP
San SalvadorErnesto MuyshondtFMLN
Ciudad DelgadoElmer Ulises CardozaARENA
MejicanosJose Simon PazFMLN
SoyapangoJuan Pablo AlvarezARENA
CuscatancingoHeyci Maricela FloresARENA
San MarcosFidel Ernesto FuentesFMLN
IlopangoAdan de Jesus PerdomoARENA
NejapaAdolfo Rivas BarriosFMLN
ApopaJose Santiago ZelayaARENA
San MartinVictor Manuel RiveraARENA
Panchimalco Mario Melendez PortilloFMLN
AguilaresJuan Armando GuardadoGANA
TonacatepequeRoberto Edgardo HerreraARENA
Santo TomasEfrain Alfonso CañasARENA
Santiago TexacuangosAlberto Estupinian RamirezARENA
El PaisnalJose Hector LaraFMLN
GuazapaJose Armando BarreraPCN
Ayutuxtepeque Rafael Alejandro NochezARENA
Rosario de MoraGalileo Arquimedes PerezFMLN

Cuscatlan.

The department of Cuscatlan, with its 16 municipalities, is the smallest in the country. It is located in the middle of the country, next to the department of San Salvador.

According to historians, the department was created in 1835, its first capital city was the colorful town of Suchitoto. However, in 1861, the capital of the department changed to Cojutepeque.

The municipalities in the department are known for producing fruits, tobacco, sugar cane, and coffee, among other items. Also, the department’s capital Cojutepeque is famous for its chorizos or sausages.

Now, on the touristic side of this department and its municipalities, you will find popular attractions such as the colorful town of Suchitoto, the man-made Lake Suchitlan, the Guazapa volcano with its links to the civil war, and many others.

MunicipalityMayorPP
CojutepequeMercedes Lili BelloPCN
Suchitoto Pedrina Rivera HernandezFMLN
San Pedro PerulapanOswald Sibrían MirandaARENA/PCN
San Jose GuayabalMauricio Arturo VilanovaARENA
TenancingoAmado LopezFMLN
San Rafael CedrosJose Tomas CornejoARENA
CandelariaJosa Adalberto PerdomoPCN
El CarmenLeticia de Jesas HernandezARENA
Monte San JuanMario Eduardo AbregoARENA
San CristobalPedro Antonio VasquezARENA
Santa Cruz MichapaMoris Alberto TorresARENA
San Bartolome PerulapiaMoris Alberto TorresARENA
San RamonHernan Alfredo CarpioPCN
El RosarioOdilio de Jesus PortilloARENA
Oratorio de Concepcion Jose Baltazar RamosPCN
Santa Cruz AnalquitoCristobal Mauricio HernandezPCN

La Paz.

The department of La Paz and its municipalities is located in the central region of the country; the capital city of the department is Zacatecoluca.

The economy of most of the municipalities is based on agriculture; it produces items such as coffee, cotton, sugar cane, Tabacco, and others.

In this department, you will find touristic spots such as La Costa del Sol, Los Blancos beach, Zunganera beach, among others. Additionally, the department shares part of Ilopango Lake and Chinchontepec volcano.

MunicipalityMayorPP
ZacatecolucaFrancisco Salvador Hirezi MoratayaFMLN
Santiago NonualcoMarvin Morena MartellGANA
San Juan NonualcoJose Guillermo RodasARENA
San Pedro MasahuatNelson Omar CubiasARENA
OlocuiltaMarvín Ulises RodríguezARENA
San Pedro NonualcoJose Alfredo HernándezARENA
San Francisco ChinamecaJorge William GarcíaARENA
San Juan TalpaJuan Alexander TamacasARENA
El RosarioRonald Nixon TobarGANA
San Rafael ObrajueloRafael Amilcar AguilarGANA
Santa María OstumaElsa Antonia GuevaraARENA
San Luis TalpaSalvador Alejandro MenendezGANA
San Antonio MasahuatNelson Adonys OrtizFMLN
San Miguel TepezontesLuis Alonso LopezARENA
San Juan TepezontesFrancisco Alirio CandrayARENA
TapalhuacaJose Nelson QuezadaFMLN
CuyultitanMelvin Moises CascoARENA
Paraíso de OsorioJose David CamposARENA
San EmigdioMauricio Rosales GarciaARENA
JerusalenVíctor Emerson MartínezARENA
Mercedes La Ceiba Víctor Henders MartínezGANA
San Luis La HerraduraNapoleon Armando IrahetaGANA

San Vicente.

If you ask Salvadoran’s about what they know about the department of San Vicente and its municipalities, most of them will respond with the San Vicente volcano, the city of San Vicente, and the city of San Sebastian.

The San Vicente volcano or Chinchontepec is one of the most majestic volcanoes in the country; the cities of San Vicente and San Sebastian are small towns with plenty of character and touristic appeal.

Also, the department of San Vicente and its municipalities played a significant role during the 1980s armed conflict; there was a military base with a helicopter landing area at the summit of the San Vicente volcano.

MunicipalityMayorPP
San VicenteMedardo Hernandez LaraARENA
TecolucaJose Dimas VillaltaARENA
San SebastianTrinidad Josefina RivasARENA
ApastepequeGalileo Hernandez AlvaradoARENA
San Esteban CatarinaLilian Antonia PortilloFMLN
San IldefonsoCarlos Alberto SorianoARENA
Santa ClaraElba Noemy LopezARENA
San LorenzoJaime Oliverio FloresARENA
VerapazJose Francisco DomínguezARENA
GuadalupeRoberto Carlos RenderosFMLN
Santo DomingoVictoria Magdalena HernandezGANA
San Cayetano Istepeque Raul Juventino MejíaARENA
Nuevo TepetitanWilian Lorenzo PortilloFMLN

Cabañas.

The department of Cabañas is located in the north-central part of the country. It has a total of nine districts, with the principal municipality being Sensuntepeque.

The department and its municipalities are classified as one of the poorest in the country. Over 55% of the population in Cabañas are classified as being impoverished.

The department is mainly involved in agricultural production; however, the city of Ilobasco is known for its pottery industry.

MunicipalityMayorPP
SensuntepequeJesus Edgar BonillaARENA
IlobascoJose Maria Dimas CastellanosARENA
VictoriaJuan Antonio RamosARENA
San IsidroJose Julio Ernesto RomeroPCN
JutiapaAdrian Castellanos PeñaARENA
TejutepequeLuis Santiago RafulARENA
DoloresOscar Osmin RuizFMLN
Cinquera Pantaleon Carmelo NoyolaFMLN
GuacotectiJose Armando HernandezGANA

Usulutan.

The department of Usulutan is one of the largest in the country; it is located in the eastern part of the country. The principal municipality in the department is Usulutan.

The department was created in 1865, and it has a total of 23 municipalities. The locations that get the most tourist in the department are Alegria with its lagoon and the Usulutan volcano.

MunicipalityMayorPP
UsulutanJose Mauricio ZelayaARENA
JiquiliscoLoida Eunice LozaGANA
BerlinJesus Antonio CortezGANA
Santiago de MariaRoberto Edmundo GonzalezGANA
JucuapaJose Manuel TurciosFMLN
Santa ElenaJose Ferrufino MelaraARENA
JucuaranJose Boanerge CarranzaFMLN
San AgustinCarlos Alberto GamezFMLN
OzatlanJose Alexander BatresARENA
EstanzuelasJose Efraín GuzmanARENA
Mercedes UmañaJuan Jose RomeroFMLN
AlegriaRené Saul SanchezFMLN
Concepcion BatresBenjamín Romeo MachucaARENA
San Francisco JavierEnan Gualberto MejíaFMLN
Puerto El TriunfoEdgar Javier AmayaFMLN
TecapanJaime Elmer TeosFMLN
San DionisioJulio Alberto TorresARENA
EreguayquínWilliam Yohalmo MarquezFMLN
Santa MaríaYanira Beatriz GuevaraARENA
Nueva GranadaJoaquín Aquilino RendonARENA
El TriunfoJose Arturo RomeroARENA
San Buenaventura Marvin Jeovany SerpasFMLN
CaliforniaGustavo Antonio AguirreFMLN

San Miguel.

The department of San Miguel is home to the municipality of San Miguel, which in turn, is home to the second or third largest town in the country, the city of San Miguel.

The principal attractions in the department and its municipalities are the El Cuco beach, the city of San Miguel, the Chaparrastique volcano, and the city of Ciudad Barrios, which is the birthplace of Saint Oscar Romero.

In addition to the principal attractions, the department is known for the San Miguel Carnival, which takes place in November in the city of San Miguel.

MunicipalityMayorPP
San MiguelMiguel Àngel PereiraFMLN
ChinamecaRoger MerlosARENA
El TránsitoRoel Werner MartinezARENA
Ciudad BarriosHeris Neftalí RomeroARENA
ChirilaguaManuel Antonio VasquezFMLN
SesoriRene Alexander PortilloPDC/PCN
San Rafael OrienteJose Reynaldo VillegasFMLN
MoncaguaSergio Antonio SolorzanoFMLN
LolotiqueColombo Carballo VargasGANA
San JorgeMelvin Antonio NativiARENA
ChapeltiqueCarlos Ernesto MendezPDC/PCN
San GerardoLuis Rene QuinterosPDC/FMLN
CarolinaJose Armando HernandezFMLN
QuelepaMarvin Reynaldo BernalFMLN
San Luis de La ReinaGamaliel Portillo RequenoARENA
Nuevo Eden de San JuanIsabel Ordoñez VasquezFMLN
Nueva GuadalupeEver Salvador BrizuelaGANA
UluazapaJuan Antonio RiveraPCN
Comacaran Enris Antonio AriasFMLN
San Antonio del MoscoFrancisco Jose GarcíaARENA

Morazan.

The department of Morazan is located in the eastern part of the country, near the border with Honduras.

Morazan is well-known for its mountainous terrain, pleasant weather, and eco-touristic activities. This department and its municipalities offer plenty of activities for those looking to get away from larger cities.

Another reason this department and its municipalities are well-known is because of the civil war of the 1980s. Morazan was one of the main guerilla strongholds in the country; this department was where many of the most bloody fights happened.

Also, this department is home to El Mozote, where one of the cruelest atrocities happened. According to historians, at El Mozote, the Salvadoran army massacred about 1000 locals that included women, men, and even infant children.

You can know more about the area and the civil war by visiting one of the following two web pages, Perquin Morazan, or The Peace Route in El Salvador.

MunicipalityMayorPP
San Francisco GoteraNahin Arnelge FerrufinoGANA
JocoroArturo Perla FerrufinoFMLN
CorintoGilberto Antonio SortoARENA
SociedadCesar Omar SaraviaARENA
CacaoperaJose Lorenzo ArguetaARENA
GuatajiaguaLucio Velis CanalesARENA
El DivisaderoAngel Rubén BenitezARENA
JocoaitiqueFray Adalberto ArriazaFMLN
OsicalaCedrick Alexander VasquezPCN
ChilangaPedro de Jesús Vásquez MartínezGANA
MeangueraJose Bladimir BarahonaPSD
TorolaGloria Argentina BarahonaGANA
San SimonNoe Moisés Argueta RamirezFMLN
Delicias de ConcepcionDavid Enoc VillelaARENA
JoatecaJose Juan ArguetaGANA
ArambalaMariano Blanco DiazARENA
LolotiquilloJose Alfredo FuentesARENA
YamabalFrancisco Andrés AdonayARENA
YoloaiquinFidel Alcides ArriazaARENA
San CarlosCarlos Rodolfo ÁlvarezARENA
El RosarioValentín de Jesus ClarosARENA
PerquinImelda Maribel RodriguezARENA
SensembraOscar Elvidio VasquezARENA
GualococtiCarlos Antonio DíazARENA
San Fernando Elmer Efrain RamosARENA
San IsidroJose Julio FrancoARENA

La Union.

The department of La Union is in the eastern part of the country; it is the easternmost of the Salvadoran departments, which ends at the Gulf of Fonseca.

The economy of La Union is mostly agricultural; nevertheless, it has the modern Port of La Union, that according to President Nayib Bukele, will serve as a point of economic and tourist development for the region.

Among the principal points for tourists are the beaches of El Tamarindo, Playas Negras, and Playitas. Furthermore, there is the Conchagua volcano, with its fantastic natural beauty and amazing views of the Gulf of Fonseca.

Lastly, La Union is home to the Gulf of Fonseca, a fantastic bay shared with Honduras and Nicaragua.

MunicipalityMayorPP
La UnionEzequiel Milla GuerraARENA
Santa Rosa de LimaRonny Eduardo LazoARENA
PasaquinaMarvin Alexander ReyesARENA
San AlejoJuan Antonio ReyesARENA
AnamorosMirna Aracely ReyesARENA
El CarmenDaniel Antonio CallejasPDC
ConchaguaJesus Abelino MedinaARENA
El SauceRoberto Armando SortoARENA
LisliqueMargarito PerezARENA
YucuayquinOscar Rene MendozaFMLN
Nueva EspartaJose Manrique VillatoroARENA
PolorosAmerto Romero RiosARENA
BolivarJorge Alberto LazoARENA
Concepcion de OrienteJose Romel GarciaFMLN
IntipucaJose Elenilson LeonzoPCN
San Jose La FuenteMario Alfredo CruzGANA
YayantiqueEduardo MarquezARENA
Meanguera del GolfoLuis Antonio DhemingARENA

El Salvador Departments and Municipalities.

Just to recap, El Salvador Departments are divided into 14 regions, and the country has a total of 262 municipalities.

If you need more information about each municipality, you can visit the Salvadoran Institute for Municipal Development or ISDEM.