Pupusas are thick hand-made tortillas from El Salvador; they are made of corn or rice flour and filled with cheese, shredded pork, beans, or Loroca flower. Pupusas are the national dish of El Salvador; they have their own National Pupusa Day, which takes place on the second Sunday in November.
Pupusa is a typical Salvadoran dish sold all over El Salvador and in many nations worldwide, especially in countries with a Salvadoran immigrant community.
Pupusas originated in El Salvador during pre-colonial times; it is believed that the Pipil tribes that lived in the Salvadoran region created Pupusas centuries ago. Salvadorans that left the country during the 1980’s civil war introduced Pupusas to other nations, especially the United States, Canada, and some European Nations.
Pupusas are the most popular food consumed in El Salvador; Salvadorans eat them for breakfast, lunch, dinner, or as snacks.
It does not matter what part of the country you find yourself in; if you want to eat Pupusas, you will always find a Pupuseria nearby.
History of Salvadoran Pupusas
Pupusas originate from El Salvador; their history dates back to pre-colonial times. According to historians, Salvadoran Pupusas, or variation of today’s dish, was first made by the Pipil Indians in the El Salvador region during pre-colonial times.
The diet of the Pípil Indians was the same as other Meso-American people; it included corn, beans, and squash, strengthened with whatever meat was available at the time.
The Pipil discovered how to make their version of corn dough, which they used to make tortillas or Pupusas.
Historians also noted that the pre-Columbian Pupusas were vegetarian, and it was shaped like a half-moon. Franciscan friar Bernardino de Sahagun transcribed in1570 that meats had been incorporated into the Pupusa filling.
Pipil Indians might not have made Pupusas the way we know them today. Nevertheless, the Salvadoran Pupusas history demonstrates that the Pipil tribe are who invented Pupusas originally
Pupusas Expansion Around the Globe
For centuries, Pupusas were mainly a local dish made by Salvadoran families, principally in the country’s western region.
In the 1970s, Pupusas expanded to other areas of the country and parts of neighboring Guatemala and Honduras.
In the 1980s, Pupusas started to be known outside El Salvador. The Salvadoran armed conflict of the 1980s forced many people to migrate to other countries, mainly the United States.
These Salvadoran migrants brought the knowledge of how to make Pupusas to different countries. Consequently, over time, Pupusas became available in whatever country had Salvadoran communities.
Nowadays, Pupuserias are found in many large and small cities in the United States. Furthermore, you can locate Pupuserias in Australia, Italy, Canada, and many other nations.
The national dish of El Salvador is so popular that it has its own official Pupusa day. The second Sunday of November is National Pupusa Day, an official holiday in El Salvador.
Eating Pupusas the Salvadoran Way
Well, the most important thing is to eat them with your fingers. Of course, the polite way is to eat it with a knife and fork; nonetheless, you should try it like a Salvadoran and use your fingers.
Adding Salsa and Curtido is an optional thing; some people like to add a small portion of both, while others like to add a lot of the side toppings.
Even though the taste of Pupusas will be similar in most Pupuserias, the taste of the Curtido and Salsa will vary.
Because of customer’s different tastes, some Pupuserias offer different types of Curtido and Salsa.
Pupusas are not complicated to make; they are just hand-made tortillas made using corn flour dough and filled with other ingredients.
The ingredients needed are corn or rice flour, cheese, and other ingredients to add inside the pupusas.
The most popular optional ingredients to fill Pupusas are Cheese, fried pork rind or Chicharron, refried beans, and Loroca flower. Some places take the liberty of creating different variations of this Salvadoran dish, especially during holidays.
I will not explain how to make Pupusas as I am not an expert in making them; I am an expert in eating them!
If you want to make Pupusas, there are fantastic videos, recipes, and cookbooks available online. I am sure you will find one that will teach you how to make Pupusas.
National Pupusa Day
National Pupusa Day is a holiday celebrated in El Salvador on the second Sunday in November.
Municipalities all over El Salvador will use this day to hold different types of events. But, the best municipality to visit during this National Holiday is Olocuilta, the town known as the Pupusa Capital.
In 2015, Olocuilta was included in the Guinness world record for creating the largest Pupusa in the world.
The largest pupusa is 4.50 m (14 ft 9 in) in diameter and was made by the Alcaldía de Olocuilta (El Salvador) in Olocuilta, El Salvador, on 8 November 2015.”
Guinness world records.
In summary, Pupusas are a Salvadoran dish created a long tie ago by the Pipil Indians. Today, this dish is served all over El Salvador and in many countries around the world.
So, if you ever get the chance, try this delicious dish at least once. I am sure you will enjoy it.
If you are not able to find a Pupuseria near you, here is a recipe on how to make this dish by
Also, if you want to know more about traditional Salvadorian food or restaurants, I recommend you visit
Libritasdemas.com, a blog by Doris de Semsch. The blog is in Spanish, but you can use google translate to read it.
Pupusas Facts Worth Knowing
The word pupusa comes from the Pipil “Pupusawa,” which in Spanish is pronounced “Popotlax,” from the Nahuatl “Popotl” which means big, stuffed “Tlaxkalli” or tortilla.
In 2005, by legislative decree, the second Sunday in November was declared the National Pupusas Day of El Salvador.
In 2015, in Olocuilta, the world’s largest Pupusa record was set. The Pupusa measured 4.5 meters in diameter. To create it, 300 pounds of rice flour, 200 pounds of cheese, 10 pounds of Loroco, 115 pounds of beans, and 80 pounds of pork rinds were used.
Currently, you can find other types of Pupusas made with jalapeno peppers, garlic, basil, blackberry, pumpkin, mushrooms, squash, chicken, and shrimp.
Some Salvadoran Pupuserias have chosen to make colored Pupusas, such as pink, yellow, and green.