The Educational System of El Salvador. What you Need to Know!

El Salvador is a little country in Central America, bordered by the Pacific Ocean and other countries like Guatemala and Honduras. It has a famous capital known as Salvador, with over 2,000,000 people, and the country is also famed as the land of volcanoes.

Education in the country, however, isn’t as popular. Salvador’s scarcity of economic opportunities causes its students to seek better education in foreign countries. By the way, Students can get various professional help and even buy personal statement online.

This article will explore the educational system of Salvador. It will also explore how the country compares to others in its institutions and educational policies.

Education in El Salvador 

In both public and private institutions, Salvadoran education comprises preschool, primary, secondary, and higher education levels. All tiers are supervised and controlled by the Ministry of Education.

School sessions usually begin at the end of January and finish in late October or early November. However, some private bilingual schools use the U.S. Educational cycle, which starts in August and ends in early June. 

Pre-school is usually one or two years and is also known as kindergarten. It has nine years of primary education split into three major cycles. The first cycle is from the 1st to 3rd grades, then the second is from 4th to 6th grades, and the third is from 7th to 9th grades. The 7th through 9th grades mark a transition to secondary education, with three or two additional years after 9th grade before university education. This additional school program is usually called Bachillerato.

The Bachillerato can be a two-year general high school program or a three-year Technical High School course. Afterward, there are five years of college education at universities or other tertiary institutions.

In El Salvador, education is usually free until children reach the ninth grade at 14 to 15 years old. However, only about 82% of Salvadoran students make it this far. Barely 33% of kids old enough for secondary school show up in class, and up to 6% of Salvadoran kids don’t go to school. This is the main reason why literacy in the country is only 76% of the adult population.

Using the semester system, a university bachelor’s degree takes five years. Salvador has 41 university institutions, which include technical schools and specialized schools. Students in higher education pay for their education mostly through student loans and scholarships. Usually, universities that provide financial help have superior market potential and better funding.

El Salvador and Foreign Education 

Countries like the United Kingdom and the USA are the most popular destinations for Salvador students seeking education. The USA, in particular, stands out not only because of its high education quality but also due to its close geography with the country.

Students also consider the opportunity to improve their English speaking skills and the much better employment opportunities in America. Aside from these, better access to information, online educational services, and other systems benefit their educational journey compared to their home country. 

El Salvador is rated 20th in the world for sending international students to community colleges in the United States. The top states in America that accept Salvadoran students include Maryland, Virginia, Florida, California, and Texas.

The only disadvantages for Salvadoran students who desire to study in U.S. Institutions are the lengthy visa application procedure and the high cost of tuition. Hence, there’s always natural competition for foreign education from countries like Chile, Canada, Costa Rica, Spain, Mexico, China, and Germany. 

Numerous scholarships are available for Salvadoran students in European and Asian countries. El Salvador’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs promotes scholarship possibilities granted by foreign governments to study abroad. Asides from these, the government also provides scholarships to students with outstanding academic records.

Every year, there’s a slight increase in the population of El Salvadoran students in the USA and other European and Asian countries. This trend will continue unless there’s a drastic change in the country’s educational opportunities.

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To conclude, El Salvador’s education system needs to be improved. More children must be encouraged to finish school, and colleges must create a more affordable and quality experience. It helps that some institutions are focused on partnerships and agreements with international schools for collaborative programs. However, if the educational situation is to evolve progressively, more effort needs to be put in by the government.